Symptoms and Causes of Eye Diseases. What are the types of Eye Diseases?
Cataract: Cataract is the loss of the opacity of the eye lens for various reasons, resulting in a lightproof condition. The most common reason is old age. Like the whitening of the hair, the eye lens loses its transparency with age and leads to deterioration.
Cataract can not be treated with eye drops, glasses or other applications without surgery. Surgical intervention is required. With the help of laparoscopic cataract surgery (phacoemulsification), the eye lens of which opacity is lost is taken and replaced with an artificial lens.
Anesthesia is provided with eye drops only, or with an injection made around the eye. Usually no general anesthesia is needed. The operation takes about 15 minutes.
After cataract surgery, patients might have complaints such as pain, blurring of vision and feeling of burning. Especially tear quality of patients over age 50 is inadequate, and with drug use after the operation, the tear pH balance can be differentiated.After being deprived of medication or leaving medication, the patients may have complaints such as burning and stinging for a while.
Glaucoma : Glaucoma is a disease caused by eye pressure, which results in damage to the visual nerves and loss of vision cells. In glaucoma, the liquid level is so high that damages the eye nerves required for the eyes to see. If there is damage in the eye nerves, it is irrecoverable.
Most patients with glaucoma have no symptoms. However, it can rarely lead to symptoms such as pain in the eyes, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, and colored halos around the goods depending on the sudden increase in eye pressure.
People over the age of 45, people with glaucoma in their family, the ones with eye injuries, people with diabetes, and the ones using long-term cortisone drugs are at risk of glaucoma.
Intraocular pressure levels can be reduced with medications. However, lifetime use of medicines is necessary. Other than medication, surgery might also be considered.
Color Blindness : Color blindness, which is commonly referred to as Daltonism, is usually a congenital disease. The cause of color blindness is the lack of certain substances in the eye. As it’s reasons might be hereditary, it may also occur as a result of some eye diseases such as visual acuity, visual point and eye pressure.
In the past, congenital color blindness could not be treated and only color blindness existed later could be treated. Now it is possible to treat innate color blindness with a method applied in our country. The patient is diagnosed with color blindness and the lens is placed in front of the eyes.
Amblyopia: It is a case of early childhood period. Parents should be very careful in this sense and have to have their children do an eye examination because amblyopia can be treated easily at a young age. It is difficult to overcome this problem after the age of 7.
Amblyopia might be a hereditary issue. Amblyopia is tried to be corrected by closing treatment. In this method, the eye that the child uses regularly and sees well with is closed and the lazy one is forced to be used.
Strabismus: It is usually congenital, but can also occur as a result of accidents or high-fever illnesses.
If the baby is forced to remove during birth, and if the baby has a crush and swelling on the head, the nerves of the muscles that move the eye might be affected and as a result strabismus might occur.
Infections in the first two or three months of pregnancy may also play a role in strabismus.
Conjunctivitis : Conjunctivitis, also known as pinkeye, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is the thin clear tissue that lies over the white part of the eye and lines the inside of the eyelid.
This may be due to a virus or bacteria, or an allergic reaction, or because the tear duct is not fully opened in newborns. Redness and itching in the eyes and watering eyes are the symptoms.
Uveitis : Uveitis is a general term describing a group of inflammatory diseases that produces swelling and destroys eye tissues. Symptoms are redness in the eye, pain and decreased vision.
Keratoconus: The cornea layer normally has a curved shape. In the keratoconus disease, the cornea gradually leans forward as a congenital disease. As a result astigmat occurs. The astigmat may adversely affect the patient’s visual acuity because it is not symmetrical in the lower and upper quadrant of the eye’s surface, and can not be fully corrected with glasses and contact lenses.
Non-surgical eye diseases are diagnosed and treated in our Medical Center